The Tumbleweed distribution is a pure rolling release version of openSUSE containing the latest "stable" versions of all software instead of relying on rigid periodic release cycles. The project does this for users that want the newest stable software.
Tumbleweed is based on Factory, openSUSE's main development codebase. Tumbleweed is updated once Factory's bleeding edge software has been integrated, stabilized and tested. Tumbleweed contains the latest stable applications and is ready and reliable for daily use.
This idea has been discussed in mailing lists for a long time and was conceived into action by Greg Kroah-Hartman, originally as an 'add-on' set of rolling updates which could be layered on top of a regular openSUSE release. On November 4th 2014 the Tumbleweed rolling release and Factory rolling release merged, leaving the single openSUSE Tumbleweed rolling release we have today.
Please take note that many of the pages you will see on these wikis offer contents that are either partially outdated, or partially in tension with best-practices. As we work toward migrating an improved version of these pages to a more sustainable development environment, you can report any pages that you would like to see maintained and improved here.
Who should try Tumbleweed?
Any user who wishes to have newer packages than are available in the openSUSE Leap repositories. This includes, but is not limited to, an updated Linux kernel, SAMBA, git, desktops, office applications and many other packages.
Also, Tumbleweed should appeal most to Power Users, Software Developers (who require the latest software stacks and IDEs) and openSUSE Contributors (who need a reliable platform that is as close to openSUSE Factory as possible while remaining usable).
Due to the Linux kernel being updated very frequently, users who rely on 3rd party kernel driver modules including graphic drivers should not use the Tumbleweed distribution unless they are familiar with updating these drivers from source on their own or they have supported hardware. For more details please refer to the "Third Party Drivers" section below.
Note that the additional Packman repositories are available for Tumbleweed!
Who should use openSUSE Leap instead of Tumbleweed?
While every effort is made to build them, at this point there is no guarantee to have all additional modules available in openSUSE Tumbleweed like for example, VMware or VirtualBox. And while the Packman Tumbleweed Essential repository attempts to deliver them there is no guarantee they will always succeed due to the incompatibilities with the quickly advancing Linux kernel. The problems with proprietary graphics drivers are similar and there is no guarantee they will work tomorrow, even if they do today. If you don't know how to compile your own additional kernel modules and you don't wish to learn or keep a very close eye on what is being updated, please don't use Tumbleweed.
How to try Tumbleweed?
To get started with Tumbleweed follow the Tumbleweed Installation Instructions
Follow the opensuse-factory mailing list to get notified about updates. New snapshots are released as often as they are ready and automatic QA has passed. This can be as often as daily but sometimes also takes a few weeks, when bigger changes are integrated.
Rolling release means no updates, only urgent patches and upgrades
When updating Tumbleweed, you can use YaST or the system update applet just as on Leap.
To keep Tumbleweed updated to the latest snapshot using zypper, run the following command as root (ideally inside a screen or tmux session):
Note that there can be some subtleties with updates, especially with multiple repositories. See for example recent discussion about using zypper dup versus zypper up and zypper dup priorities.
Due to the licensing issues, openSUSE cannot include certain multimedia codecs such as H.264. Without these codecs, videos from certain websites, music files, sounds, etc may fail to play. Fortunately, the Packman repository provides these codecs (along with many other things) for openSUSE. More details about Packman can be found at additional package repositories.
To add the entire Packman repository and install missing codecs, you can either start the YaST repository manager, click "Add", select "Community repositories", and check "Packman"; or, on the console, run the following commands as root:
zypper ar -cfp 90 http://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/linux/misc/packman/suse/\ openSUSE_Tumbleweed/ packman zypper dup --from packman --allow-vendor-change
To add only the Packman Essentials repository (provides codecs, audio, and video player applications) and install missing codecs, run the following commands as root:
zypper ar -cfp 90 http://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/linux/misc/packman/suse/\ openSUSE_Tumbleweed/Essentials packman-essentials zypper dup --from packman-essentials --allow-vendor-change
After installing the codecs from Packman, YouTube's HTML5 Video Player test may be ran to see if H.264 is working properly in a browser.
Third Party Drivers
Due to the fast pace of kernel upgrades on Tumbleweed, 3rd party kernel driver modules may not be fast enough to catch up with the latest kernel version. In the unlikely case that your kernel driver module does not work on Tumbleweed, please consider using openSUSE Leap instead.
NVidia’s proprietary driver generally works very well with Tumbleweed.
NVidia proprietary drivers for GeForce 400 series and newer GPUs can be easily installed in Tumbleweed using the following commands as root:
zypper ar -f https://download.nvidia.com/opensuse/tumbleweed nvidia zypper inr
In extremely rare cases, for example if you require a beta version of the driver, you can also manually install the driver. Read NVidia – The hard way for details. Please remember to also re-compile and re-install these third party drivers with every kernel upgrade on Tumbleweed.
Alternatively, the dkms-nvidia openSUSE Build Service repository may be used. This repository provides NVIDIA drivers that work with dkms (NVIDIA's modules will be automatically recompiled for each new kernel update). It also contains a variety of NVIDIA driver versions for use with cards that are not supported with or do not behave well with the latest drivers. To make use of this repository, simply click the 1 Click Install link for the driver version you wish to install here or run the following commands as root for the latest NVIDIA driver from dkms-nvidia:
zypper ar -f https://download.opensuse.org/\ repositories/home:/Bumblebee-Project:/nVidia:/latest/\ openSUSE_Tumbleweed/home:Bumblebee-Project:nVidia:latest.repo zypper in dkms-nvidia
Please note that the dkms-nvidia repository is not officially supported and anyone who wishes to use it will most likely be on their own for troubleshooting problems.
As for AMD, AMDGPU-PRO is not supported for Tumbleweed. Tumbleweed comes with a Radeon driver installed out of the box that is usually the superior choice anyway.
How can I contribute?
- You can test the Tumbleweed distribution and give feedback, share experience and participate in the development discussions. To do so, send your mail to the list address, email@example.com.
- If you encounter trouble with your Tumbleweed instance you can report issues to openSUSE bugzilla.
- If you are a packager, you can submit new packages to the openSUSE:Factory project.
- Rolling release
- Current regular release
openSUSE Leap 15.4stable
- Previous regular release
openSUSE Leap 15.3old stable