Concepts directory structure
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Linux directory structure
The Linux Directory Structure (also known as the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard): In Linux, the files are stored in a directory structure that is significantly different from MS-Windows. Everything in Linux starts from the root directory (represented by / ) and it then expands into sub-directories, instead of having “drives”, as in MS-Windows. Linux sorts directories descending from the root directory / , theoretically according to their importance to the boot process. Typically, upon boot, the system does not know of the existence of different partitions or devices. Instead, different hard drives, and different partitions, are mounted seamlessly into the Linux directory structure, such that they are completely transparent to the user. This is known as the Unified Filesystem. More detail can be found here:
- File System Hierarchy: wikipedia:Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
Mircosoft partitions in the openSUSE system
For example, for the MS-Windows user who is new to Linux, this will mean they will not see their PC's C: nor D: drive as such, even if they are still present when booting Linux in a dual boot (Linux/Windows) configuration. Instead the C: and D: drives may appear in openSUSE Linux as
/windows/C or as
/windows/D (or in a conceptually similar nomenclature per the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard).