DFIR - Imaging Tools
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There are a variety of forensic imaging tools. At a high-level they provide functionality similar in concept to "dd if=/dev/sda of=image_file".
dd itself can be used by wrapping it ins scripts. This article discusses other available tools.
- Used by computer forensic and incident response professionals, but also useful as a cloning tool for general users
- Multiple output formats supported including raw (dd), EnCase 4,5,6, AFF, etc.
- md5 hash verification typically available, as well as others
- Many ask for meta information such as drive manufacturer, serial number, etc.
- When used for evidence it can record relevant chain of custody information and custodian information.
|adepto||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||adepto is included in the helix boot cd|
|aimage||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||security/3.2.5||a imaging tool to create aff format images||aimage has been EOL'ed. guymager or ftkimager (windows/mac) are recommended for creating aff images.|
|AIR||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||Automated Image and Restore||a GUI front-end to dd and dc3dd designed for easily creating forensic bit images|
|dc3dd||N/A||N/A||v7.1.614||v7.1.614||security/7.1.614||DoD Cyber Crime Center DD||This tool was formerly known as dcfldd. When released as dc3dd it was totally rewritten.|
|ddrescue / gnu_ddrescue||v1.14||v1.14||v1.15||v1.16||Base:System||Also known as GNU ddrescue||This tool is different than dd_rescue.|
|dd_rescue||v1.23||v1.24||v1.28||v1.28||Base:System||This tool is different than ddrescue.|
|ewfacquire||N/A||N/A||v20100226||v20120813||security||a imaging tool to create ewf format images||ewfacquire is part of ewftools in some distributions.|
|IXimager||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||A law enforcement only imager||used in conjunction with ILook Investigator|
|LinEn||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||a proprietary imaging tool to create ewf format images||included on the Helix boot CD|
|guymager||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||a imaging tool to create aff format images||Guymager is an open source forensic imager. It focuses on user friendliness and high speed.|
|rdd||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||a dd-like tool, with forensic imaging features||Rdd is robust with respect to read errors|
|sdd||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||Archiving:Backup/1.52||a dd-like tool||Designed to work well when IBS != OBS. Working with tape is an example.|
For fedora and ubuntu, you can find summary information about available tools at: